Energy is a fundamental concept in both physics and environmental science, referring to the capacity to do work or produce change. It comes in various forms and can be converted from one form to another. In the context of modern society, harnessing energy efficiently and sustainably is crucial due to environmental concerns and the finite nature of fossil fuels. Two key sources of energy that are pivotal to the transition towards more sustainable energy systems include energy storage and energy conversion. 

energy storage

Energy storage systems are technologies that capture energy produced at one time and store it for future use or transform it into a different form that is more useful for specific applications. These systems play a crucial role in managing energy supply and demand, enhancing energy efficiency, and contributing to the reliability and stability of energy grids.

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energy conversion

Energy conversion refers to the process of transforming energy from one form into another. This concept is fundamental in all energy use, as different forms of energy are more suitable for specific tasks than others. The ability to convert energy from readily available and renewable sources into electricity or mechanical power has significant implications for technology, industry, and environmental policy.

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